With business conditions picking up in Australia, many business owners are thinking about the equipment they will need to evolve in the years ahead.
Whether it's a new delivery van or a high-end digital printer, up-to-date equipment and tools are essential for business success. In the May 2021 Federal Budget, the government announced full write-off of eligible business assets will be available for another year, so the opportunity to tool up is even more attractive.
Unfortunately, deciding the best way to acquire business assets is not always straightforward as you weigh up whether to buy outright or lease.
With leasing, you are able to use the plant or equipment under the terms of a contract and return it when your lease expires. Whereas buying means you purchase and own the equipment outright. If you have insufficient cash to buy an asset, you can also finance your purchase and repay the lender over time.
For both buying and leasing it's not just the immediate costs and tax benefits you should bear in mind. You need to calculate the total costs, including ongoing maintenance, usage conditions, termination fees and equipment return.
You also need to review whether your business's cash flow is steady and reliable, and allows you to commit to regular lease payments, or is subject to seasonal fluctuations.
A key factor to consider when it comes to the lease or buy decision is tax, as there can be valuable tax benefits if you buy an asset outright.
At the moment, the government's COVID-19 temporary full expensing provisions provide a significant tax incentive to buy new equipment. These instant write-off incentives allow you to claim the cost of your asset against your business's tax bill in the year of purchase.
For many eligible businesses, these tax incentives could tip the scales towards buying rather than leasing between now and 30 June 2023.
The rules around claiming GST credits also favour purchasing.
When you lease equipment for your business it's similar to renting, so you can only claim GST credits for your lease payments, not the total cost of the asset. For example, if you purchase equipment valued at $66,000 (including GST) you can claim back $6,000 in GST credits in your next BAS, but only a couple of hundred dollars for each monthly lease payment.
If you purchase a vehicle for business purposes valued at over the annual car limit ($60,733 in 2021-22), the maximum amount of GST credit you can claim is one-eleventh of the limit ($5,521 in 2021-22). If you pay luxury car tax on a vehicle you purchase for your business, you are unable to claim GST on the tax paid.
Although buying can be sensible for some businesses, if you have insufficient cash to cover the cost of new equipment leasing still offers benefits, especially while interest rates are low.
Leasing also allows you to keep working capital within the business and available for other uses. For example, if you want to acquire an asset worth $120,000 and finance it at 4 per cent interest, your business retains the $120,000 on its balance sheet and still has access to it if required.
What's more, you may be able to invest the $120,000 and achieve a return higher than 4 per cent.
In addition, leasing is often more appropriate for assets that rapidly become obsolete and need regular updating, such as IT equipment.
Leasing new equipment can also make it easier to match regular monthly loan repayments to your business cash flow, rather than having to make a large one-off outlay for the asset.
Whichever way you are leaning – buy or lease – it's important to review your business cash flow, your future growth plans and the current business and economic outlook.
Your personal approach to your business is also a factor to consider. Some owners prefer the certainty of ownership and not having to worry about a lot of fixed costs. For others, it's more important to have access to the latest equipment and to focus on rapidly expanding their operation.
If you would like to discuss whether buying or leasing would be best for your business in the current economic environment, call us today.